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 Chilling Effects Clearinghouse > DMCA Notices > Notices > Movie: DMCA (Copyright) Complaint to Google (NoticeID 31773, http://chillingeffects.org/N/31773) Printer-friendly version

Movie: DMCA (Copyright) Complaint to Google

December 22, 2009

 

Sender Information:
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
Sent by: [redacted]
[Private]


Los Angeles, CA, US

Recipient Information:

Google, Inc.


Mountain View, CA, USA


Sent via: email
Re: URGENT Notice of Copyright Infringement - Google Search Results for AVATAR

Attention Google:

On behalf of Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and/or its
subsidiaries and affiliated companies ("Fox"), I am writing to notify
you of the infringement of Fox's intellectual property rights in the
above-referenced television series in Google Search results.

Demand is hereby made that Google take immediate action to stop such
infringements.

The search results and links identified in the attached spreadsheet are
specific examples of Google search results linking to video files and
websites that infringe upon Fox's intellectual property rights.

Fox hereby demands that Google promptly remove and disable the links to
all unauthorized copies of works whose copyrights are owned by Fox of
which it is aware, including the infringing files identified in the
attached spreadsheet. Please note that the spreadsheet includes two
tabs of links as well as a third tab identify the search strings which
yielded those search results.

This letter is not a complete statement of Fox's rights in connection
with this matter, and nothing contained herein constitutes an express or
implied waiver of any rights, remedies, or defenses of Fox in connection
with this matter, all of which are expressly reserved. We appreciate
your prompt attention to this important matter.

The undersigned has a good faith belief that use of the materials in the
manner described herein is not authorized by Fox, its agent, or the law.
The information in this notice is accurate. Under penalty of perjury,
the undersigned is authorized to act on behalf of Fox with respect to
this matter.

Sincerely,

[redacted]
Manager, Online Enforcement
Content Protection
Fox Group Legal
[redacted]
Los Angeles, CA 90067
[redacted]
[redacted]@fox.com
Piracy tips: [redacted]@fox.com <>

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FAQ: Questions and Answers

[back to notice text]


Question: Why does a search engine get DMCA takedown notices for materials in its search listings?

Answer: Many copyright claimants are making complaints under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Section 512(d), a safe-harbor for providers of "information location tools." These safe harbors give providers immunity from liability for users' possible copyright infringement -- if they "expeditiously" remove material when they get complaints. Whether or not the provider would have been liable for infringement by users' materials it links to, the provider can avoid the possibility of a lawsuit for money damages by following the DMCA's takedown procedure when it gets a complaint. The person whose information was removed can file a counter-notification if he or she believes the complaint was erroneous.

Question: What does a service provider have to do in order to qualify for safe harbor protection?

Answer: In addition to informing its customers of its policies (discussed above), a service provider must follow the proper notice and takedown procedures (discussed above) and also meet several other requirements in order to qualify for exemption under the safe harbor provisions.

In order to facilitate the notification process in cases of infringement, ISPs which allow users to store information on their networks, such as a web hosting service, must designate an agent that will receive the notices from copyright owners that its network contains material which infringes their intellectual property rights. The service provider must then notify the Copyright Office of the agent's name and address and make that information publicly available on its web site. [512(c)(2)]

Finally, the service provider must not have knowledge that the material or activity is infringing or of the fact that the infringing material exists on its network. [512(c)(1)(A)], [512(d)(1)(A)]. If it does discover such material before being contacted by the copyright owners, it is instructed to remove, or disable access to, the material itself. [512(c)(1)(A)(iii)], [512(d)(1)(C)]. The service provider must not gain any financial benefit that is attributable to the infringing material. [512(c)(1)(B)], [512(d)(2)].


Question: What are the provisions of 17 U.S.C. Section 512(c)(3) & 512(d)(3)?

Answer: Section 512(c)(3) sets out the elements for notification under the DMCA. Subsection A (17 U.S.C. 512(c)(3)(A)) states that to be effective a notification must include: 1) a physical/electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the infringed right; 2) identification of the copyrighted works claimed to have been infringed; 3) identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity and that is to be removed; 4) information reasonably sufficient to permit the service provider to contact the complaining party (e.g., the address, telephone number, or email address); 5) a statement that the complaining party has a good faith belief that use of the material is not authorized by the copyright owner; and 6) a statement that information in the complaint is accurate and that the complaining party is authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Subsection B (17 U.S.C. 512(c)(3)(B)) states that if the complaining party does not substantially comply with these requirements the notice will not serve as actual notice for the purpose of Section 512.

Section 512(d)(3), which applies to "information location tools" such as search engines and directories, incorporates the above requirements; however, instead of the identification of the allegedly infringing material, the notification must identify the reference or link to the material claimed to be infringing.


Question: Does a service provider have to follow the safe harbor procedures?

Answer: No. An ISP may choose not to follow the DMCA takedown process, and do without the safe harbor. If it would not be liable under pre-DMCA copyright law (for example, because it is not contributorily or vicariously liable, or because there is no underlying copyright infringement), it can still raise those same defenses if it is sued.


Question: How do I file a DMCA counter-notice?

Answer: If you believe your material was removed because of mistake or misidentification, you can file a "counter notification" asking the service provider to put it back up. Chilling Effects offers a form to build your own counter-notice.


For more information on the DMCA Safe Harbors, see the FAQs on DMCA Safe Harbor. For more information on Copyright and defenses to copyright infringement, see Copyright.


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